[AFGHANISTAN] FAHKRUDIN, Masihudin; Abdullah Tashqin Mohammad Adham; Abdul-Rahman (eds).
Alif-ba : Birinchi Sinf Uchun Darsi Kitab.
Kabul: Ministry of Education (Print & Translation Department) - Democratic Government of Afghanistan, 1979.
8vo (239 × 172), pp.. Illustrated throughout, occasionally in colour. Illustrations by Kwani, Enayatullah Shahrani, Rajab Ali, Ghulam Rabbani. Calligraphy by Akhundzada, Abdul Jalil, Reza Ali, Mohammad Reza. Advised by Dr. Mohammad Arif Osman. Illustrated red and pink wrappers linen tape binding; some annotations and underlining to initial pages, light toning to linen tape. Folded sheet laid in. Very good.
First edition. This Uzbek-language Aghan primary school textbook includes basic lessons in literacy and penmanship together with a pro-Communist explanation of the 1978 coup d’état that saw Mohammed Daud Khan’s centrist government in Afghanistan overthrown by left-wing military officers led by Nur Mohammad Taraki. Thereafter power was shared between the People’s (Khalq) Party and the Banner (Parcham) Party, both of which had emerged from the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan. With little popular support, the new government forged close ties to the Soviet Union, ruthlessly purged their domestic opposition, and began a system of land and social reforms. Insurgencies rose against the government among various tribal and urban groups. This, coupled with internal fighting between the government’s two factions, led to the Soviet Union invading Afghanistan on December 24, 1979.